February 23, 2007, Newsletter Issue #91: Type II: Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes

Tip of the Week

Non-insulin-dependent diabetes is also called Type II (2) Diabetes. Type II Diabetes is a form of diabetes that does not require insulin in order to control the blood sugars.



Persons at risk for Type 2 diabetes include those with:



* obesity

* high blood pressure

* family history of diabetes

* glucose intolerance

* had gestational diabetes during

pregnancy

* sedentary life style

* high cholesterol



This form of diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which fat, muscle, and liver cells do not use insulin properly.



Symptoms of Type II diabetes include:



* frequent urination (polyuria)

* excessive thirst (polydipsia)

* excessive hunger (polyphagia)

* weight loss

* confusion



Often, the treatment for Type II diabetes is based on these key things: 1) monitoring blood sugars, 2) managing diet, 3) losing weight and 4)increasing exercise.



If these interventions are not effective in controlling the blood sugars, your doctor may prescribe one of several different oral medications, called anti-diabetic agents. You will need to take these medications, every day.



Talk to your physician or Diabetic Educator about the best plan to manage your disease and reduce your risk for serious complications.



You are the first best defense against Type II diabetes, and the first best treatment.



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